ISSN 2707-0476 (Online)

University Library at a New Stage of Social Communications Development. Conference Proceedings, 2019, No IV

UDS [002.1:001.8]:021.1

SHYLIUK O. I.

Scientific Library, Yuriy Fedkovych Chernivtsi National University (Chernivtsi, Ukraine),

e-mail o.shylyuk@chnu.edu.ua ORCID 0000-0003-4387-3402


BUKOVINA: AUTHORS, JOURNALS, RESEARCH

ISSUES
(SCIENTOMETRIC ANALYSIS ON WOS BASIS)

Objective. The goal of research was to study publications containing researches and studies related to the topic of Bukovina using the bibliometric analysis. Methods. Materials on the regional topic published within the period 1970 2018 were obtained from the Web of Science database (as of May 15, 2019). The obtained records were analyzed for citation characteristic, including the distribution of publications over languages, countries, journals and authors. The selection by keywords: (bukovina) OR (bucovina) OR (bukowina) OR (bukovyna) identified 304 materials published in different publications. For the period from 2008 until 2019 there has been observed the significant increase of materials published on this issue. Results. The analysis of the most citable publications allows to distinguish three clusters of research topics: geology, environment and natural resources of the region; ethnic studies; the Holocaust and acts of force during the World War II. Conclusions. This study provides the systematic review of productivity and clearness of the Bukovina’s studies and can be used for organization and identification of priorities for further regional studies.

Keywords: Bukovina; bibliometric analysis; citation analysis; scientometrics


Introduction


Scientometric analyses outline the research output in a field and, therefore, help researchers and funding agencies to focus more on underinvestigated areas. The absence of quantitative data regarding published studies on regional topics has determined this work performance. The aim of this study was 1) to perform a scientometric analysis to characterize the status of the research and publications in the field of regional investigations and 2) to identify the most effective actors (authors, countries, and journals) and to examine their role in the development of science using a bibliometric analysis.


Methods


This study was conducted from November 2017 to February 2018 and updated during May 2018. It is descriptive and also employs a quantitative approach to identify the main characteristics of the researches related to the topic of Bukovina, as well as its evolution to highlight potential trends for future studies. The research is characterised as scientometric and bibliometric, based on articles indexed in the Web of Science (WoS) database.


Results and Discussion


The Web of Science Core Collection (hereinafter referred to as “WoS”) of “Clarivate Analytics” company (Web of Science, (n.d.)), the reference research resource, was chosen as the information source; its scientometric apparatus provides publications’ citation indexing with the retrospective review starting from 1898 (for natural and social sciences), and starting from 1975 for humanities sciences.

Results of scientometric analysis are useful for: 1) measuring and understanding the study field of a given subject; 2) providing a solid view of the field’s historical evolution; 3) presenting a thematic and technological analysis; and 4) providing evidence and a basis for future research.

Based on these methodological procedures, the present study proposes three steps, which are described in the following:

Step 1 – Delimitation of analysis scope and article selection: the articles were searched on the WoS database in a single search, from 1970 to 2018, using the boolean operator “OR”. Because of the multiples definitions still used in this field, the papers were selected using the following terms in the keyword field: (BUKOVINA), (BUCOVINA), (BUKOWINA), (BUKOVYNA). This search resulted in 304 results, which constitute the corpus of the present study.

Step 2 – Descriptive analysis of papers: the following analyses were performed: (1) number of papers published per searched term; (2) average growth of authors’ activity; (3) most published authors; (4) most published sources; and (5) countries analyzed.

Step 3 – Interpretation and discussion of results: we carried out a joint interpretation and discussion of the results in steps 2 to identify the main research trends and gaps within the fields of study.

In total 304 publications in different editions were found: ARTICLE; PROCEEDINGS PAPER; BOOK REVIEW; BOOK CHAPTER; EDITORIAL MATERIAL etc.

Prior to 2008 only single publications are traced by this topic in the scientometric base. For the period 2008-2018 the average growth of authors’ activity amounts to 10-20 publications per year. Since app. 25% of total publications are only book reviews; it was decided, in order to analyze the research work on this topic itself, to confine to only the following documents: ARTICLE; PROCEEDINGS PAPER; BOOK CHAPTER only 230 publications.

The structure of publications in the field evidences that the study on “Bukovina” topic are related to mainly social, humanities and natural sciences: HISTORY; LITERATURE; ARTS HUMANITIES; AREA STUDIES; BUSINESS ECONOMICS; LINGUISTICS; GOVERNMENT LAW; ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES ECOLOGY; GEOLOGY; SOCIAL SCIENCES.


Table 1. Regional studies


No


Research lines

Number of publications

In % of total amount

1.

HISTORY

64

27.8 %

2.

AREA STUDIES

23

10.0 %

3.

GOVERNMENT LAW

18

7.8 %

4.

LINGUISTICS

17

7.4 %

5.

BUSINESS ECONOMICS

16

6.9 %

6.

LITERATURE

16

6.9 %

7.

GEOLOGY

16

6.9 %

8.

ARTS HUMANITIES

15

6.5 %

9.

ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES ECOLOGY

14

6.0 %

10.

SOCIAL SCIENCES

11

4.7 %


The systematization of selected publications by edition names allowed to determine 172 names, including 101 journals.



Table 2. The distribution of journals names by publications’ number is 4 and more


No


Edition name

Total number of articles

In % of total amount

1

RUSIN

16

8.8 %

2

TRANSYLVANIAN REVIEW

15

8.2 %

3

OSTEUROPA

5

2.7 %

4

EAST EUROPEAN POLITICS AND SOCIETIES

5

2.7 %

5

NATIONAL ACADEMY OF MANAGERIAL STAFF OF CULTURE AND ARTS HERALD

5

2.7 %

6

VRACHEBNOE DELO

4

2.2 %


As evidenced by the data indicated in the table, the obvious leaders by number of published articles is the RUSIN and TRANSYLVANIAN REVIEW, this journal falls under Q4 in the “Regional Studies” category.

Having selected 50 of the most citable articles we obtained the list of editions, where such materials are most commonly published.


Table 3. Journals with the most cited articles


No


Edition name

Number of publications

1

RUSIN

7

2

CASOPIS ZA SUVREMENU POVIJEST

2

3

ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING AND MANAGEMENT JOURNAL

2

4

JOURNAL OF SEISMOLOGY

2

5

TRANSYLVANIAN REVIEW

2


The total amount of publications represents 26 countries. The publication distribution analysis allowed to discover the core of the most advanced among them, accounting for over 75 % of publications. Among them are Romania (36.5 %), Ukraine (14.8 %), Russia (6.5 %), Germany (4.3 %), Hungary (4.3 %), USA (4.3 %) and Austria (3.9 %). The clear leader by number of documents with “Bukovina” keyword is Romania 84 publications.

The informational value for bibliometric studies is considered to be the creative activity and leadership of scientists - authors of publications. In order to trace this index the WoS provides the possibility to browse certain digital indices of author publication activities. Moreover, using another Clarivate Analytics tool, the author and reviewers identification system Publon it is possible to obtain such information as possible author name, list of author’s place of employment, number of publications, years of publication activity, the year of entering the database, filed of study, citations to main contributing authors, total number of citations, editions published the author, etc (Publon, (n.d.)).

Among 350 authors studying the issue related to Bukovina were established leaders by number of publications (4 and more publications).




Table 4. Authors


No

Authors

Number of publications

Field of study


In % of total amount

1

SULYAK S. G.

9

HISTORY

3.9 %

2

POPA M.

6

GEOSCIENCES; PHYSICS

2.6%

3

RADULIAN M.

6

GEOSCIENCES; PHYSICS

2.6%

4

BORLEANU F.

5

GEOSCIENCES; PHYSICS

2.1 %

5

CHIRITA V.

4

GEOSCIENCES; ECOLOGY

2.3 %

6

CLIPA O.

4

EDUCATION EDUCATIONAL RESEARCH

1.7 %

7

FISHER G.

4

GOVERNMENT LAW

HISTORY

1.7 %

8

KERN Z.

4

GEOLOGY

PALEONTOLOGY

1.7 %

9

MINDRESCU M.

4

GEOLOGY

ECOLOGY

1.7 %

10

SCHARR K.

4

HISTORY;

POLITICAL SCIENCE

1.7 %


The absolute interest is paid to the structure of scientific institutions actively studying this issue. The obvious leader among 160 institutions may be considered STEFAN CEL MARE UNIVERSITY SUCEAVA.


Table 5. The first ten places by number of publications (5 and more publications)



No


Institution


Number of publications


In % of total amount

1

STEFAN CEL MARE UNIV SUCEAVA

22

9.5 %

2

ROMANIAN ACADEMY OF SCIENCES

12

5.2 %

3

YURI FEDKOVYCH CHERNIVTSI NATIONAL UNIVERSITY

11

4.7 %

4

ALEXANDRU IOAN CUZA UNIVERSITY

9

3.9 %

5

BABES BOLYAI UNIVERSITY FROM CLUJ

9

3.9 %

6

TOMSK STATE UNIVERSITY

9

3.9 %

7

BUKOVINIAN STATE MEDICAL UNIVERSITY

8

3.4 %

8

NATIONAL INSTITUTE FOR EARTH PHYSICS NIEP

8

3.4 %

9

EOTVOS LORAND UNIVERSITY

5

2.2 %

10

HUNGARIAN ACADEMY OF SCIENCES

5

2.2 %

11

POLISH ACADEMY OF SCIENCES

5

2.2 %


The vast majority of materials – 143 (62 % of total amount) are published in English, although are publications in German (26), Russian (28), Romanian (13), Ukrainian (9), French (4), Polish (3), Croatian (2), Czech (1) and Slovak (1).

The separate analysis of the most citable publications allowed to determine 10 of them for further more thorough evaluation.


Table 6. Most citable publications





Article




Author




Edition name

Year of publication

Total number of citations

Average number of citations per year

Sedimentology of Badenian (middle Miocene) gypsum in eastern Galicia, Podolia and Bukovina (West Ukraine)

Peryt, T.M.

SEDIMENTOLOGY

1996

40

1,67

Fluid evolution in the nepheline syenites of the Ditrau Alkaline Massif, Transylvania, Romania

Fall, Andras;

Bodnar, Robert J.; Szabo, Csaba; Pal-Molnar, Elemer

LITHOS

2007

28

2,15

The importance of a border: Medical, veterinary, and wild food ethnobotany of the Hutsuls living on the Romanian and Ukrainian sides of Bukovina

Soukand, Renata; Pieroni, Andrea

JOURNAL OF ETHNOPHARMACOLOGY

2016

25

6,25

The Rusins of Bessarabia in the 19th-beginning of the 20th Centuries: The Question of Numbers

Sulyak, S. G.

RUSIN

2015

11

2,20

New and Little Known Earthworm Species from Peripheral Areas of the Romanian Carpathians (Oligochaeta, Lumbricidae)

Szederjesi Timea;

Pop, Victor V.;

Csuzdi Csaba

ACTA ZOOLOGICA ACADEMIAE SCIENTIARUM HUNGARICAE

2015

11

1,83

Mental Herbals - a Context-Sensitive Way of Looking at Local Ethnobotanical Knowledge: Examples from Bukovina (Romania)

Kolodziejska-Degorska, Iwona

TRAMES-JOURNAL OF THE HUMANITIES AND SOCIAL SCIENCES

2012

9

1,29

Evaluation of Quality Parameters and of Natural Radionuclides Concentrations in Natural Mineral Water in Romania

Calin, M. R.; Ion, A. C.; Radulescu, I.

JOURNAL OF RADIOANALYTICAL AND NUCLEAR CHEMISTRY

2015

10

2,00









Table 6. Most citable publications(continuation)






Article




Author




Edition name

Year of publication

Total number of citations

Average number of citations per year

Soil Structure and Water-Stable Aggregates

Statescu, Florian; Zauca, Dorin Cotiusca; Pavel, Lucian Vasile

ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING AND MANAGEMENT JOURNAL

2013

9

1,29

The role of the universities in a regional innovation system - A comparative A'WOT - analysis

Nastase, Carmen; Kajanus, Miika

AMFITEATRU ECONOMIC

2008

9

0,75

Patterns of violence - The local population and the mass murder of Jews in Bessarabia and northern Bukovina, July-August 1941

Solonari, Vladimir

KRITIKA-EXPLORATIONS IN RUSSIAN AND EURASIAN HISTORY

2007

9

0,69


According to topic of the most citable publications, the interest of researches was directed to studying of geology, environment and natural resources of the region (soil, animal world, mineral waters, etc.); ethnic studies (in particular, ethnomedicine and ethnopolitics); the Holocaust and acts of force during the World War II; the impact of educational institutions on the development of the region. It was observed that the majority of the most citable materials were published during the last decade (2007-2016).


Conclusions


It should be noted that the above findings were based on the analysis of the publications stored in the WoS database. A similar or dissimilar set of findings might emerge if another database such as SCOPUS was used.

We summarize past research results and identify the challenges and opportunities for of the regional theme “Bukovina” research. The findings aimed at providing valuable information related to these fields, such as 1) the characterization of publications, 2) most relevant references cited, 3) major journal sources and 4) main countries active in this particular research field.

A qualitative discussion is provided identifying main research areas and further research directions. This review may help practitioners and researchers by providing a better understanding of the current state of the regional theme “Bukovina” research field and serve as a starting point for future studies. The research gaps can serve as a motivation to research on the researches related to the topic of Bukovina. This study provides researchers and practitioners an extensive and intensive understanding of the salient research themes and trends of research the region.

Further the interest shall be paid to the scientometric analysis of certain fields of study regarding the Bukovina.


REFERENCES


Publon (n.d.). Clarivate Analytics. Retrieved from https://publons.com/


Web of Science (n.d.). Clarivate Analytics. Retrieved from http://webofknowledge.com



ШИЛЮК O. I.

Наукова бібліотека, Чернівецький національний університет ім. Юрія Федьковича (Чернівці, Україна), e-mail o.shylyuk@chnu.edu.ua, ORCID 0000-0003-4387-3402


БУКОВИНА: АВТОРИ, ЖУРНАЛИ, ПРОБЛЕМАТИКА

(НАУКОМЕТРИЧНИЙ АНАЛІЗ ДОСЛІДЖЕНЬ

ЗА БАЗОЮ WOS)


Мета. Відсутність кількісних даних щодо опублікованих досліджень за регіональною тематикою зумовило виконання цієї роботи. Метою дослідження є вивчення публікацій із дослідження Буковини із використанням бібліометричного аналізу. Методика. Матеріали за регіональною тематикою, опубліковані в період між 1970 і 2018 рр., було виокремленно з бази даних Web of Science Core Collection (станом на 17.05.2019). Отримані записи проаналізовано за характеристиками цитування з розподілом публікацій за мовами, країнами, журналами та авторами. За вибіркою ключових слів «bukovina» або «bucovina» або «bukowina» або «bukovyna» було виявлено 304 матеріали, опубліковані в різних типах видань. Із 2008 до 2019 р. включно спостерігається значне збільшення кількості опублікованих матеріалів цього спрямування. Результати. Аналіз найбільш цитованих публікацій дозволяє виділити три кластери дослідницьких тем: геологія, навколишнє середовище та природні ресурси регіону (ґрунти, тваринний світ, мінеральні води тощо); етнографія, зокрема етномедицина та етнополітика; голокост і насильство під час Другої світової війни. Висновки. Це дослідження дає систематичний огляд продуктивності й наочності досліджень Буковини і може служити відправною точкою для майбутніх краєзнавчих досліджень.

Ключові слова: Буковина; бібліометричний аналіз; аналіз цитування; наукометрія

Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International © O. I. Shyliuk, 2019

https://doi.org/10.15802/unilib/2019_187074

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