Roilingel CALILUNG


Objective. This study determined the perceptions of academic librarians on open educational resources (OERs) in terms of familiarity, utilization by patron and purpose, management practices of OERs in terms of handling and storage, organization and marketing, and problems encountered in handling and managing OERs. Methods. It utilized quantitative-qualitative research design or mixed method using a validated researcher-made questionnaire. Descriptive statistics, which mainly consist of frequency distribution, percentile, mean and standard deviation, were used while thematic analysis was utilized for the qualitative data. Results and Discussion. The study revealed that academic librarians are moderately aware on OERs. Regarding digitized library collections, academic librarians are fully aware. In terms of utilization by patron, it was reported that majority of the types of OERs are rarely utilized. The top three types which are seldom utilized by patrons are course materials, digitized library collections and open textbooks. Conclusions. The familiarity of librarians on OERs depends on the degree of their exposure to such resources. Utilization of OERs by patron improves when guided on how to use them. Purpose is defined based on the optimal usage of the OERs. Lack of familiarity and exposure to OERs may lead to poor handling and storage, organization and marketing of these resources resulting to low appreciation from clients. A capacity building plan is needed to improve the handling and management of OERs in academic libraries.


academic libraries; capacity-building; handling; management; open educational resources (OERs)

Full Text:



Allen, I. E., & Seaman, J. (2016). Opening the curriculum: Open educational resources in US higher education, 2014. Babson Survey Research Group. Retrieved from (in English)

Atkins, D.E., Brown, J.S., & Hammond, A.L. (2007). A review of the open educational resources (OER) movement: Achievements, challenges, and new opportunities. Retrieved from (in English)

Baker, A., Carney, K., & Schwark, C. (2019). The School Librarian’s Role in the Adoption of Open Educational Resources. School Libraries Worldwide, 25(1), 81–99. doi: (in English)

Centre for Educational Research and Innovation. (2007). Giving knowledge for free: the emergence of open educational resources. Paris, France: OECD Publishing. Retrieved from (in English)

Creswell J. W. Fetters M. D., & Ivankova N. V. (2004). Designing a mixed methods study in primary care. The Annals of Family Medicine 2(1):7-12. doi: (in English)

Downes, S. (2006). Models for sustainable Open Educational Resources. National Research Council Canada. Retrieved on November 30, 2020 from (in English)

Johnstone, S. M. (2005). Open Educational Resources serve the world. EDUCAUSE Quarterly (EQ), 28(3). Retrieved from (in English)

IFLA. (2020). Open Educational Resources and Libraries. Retrieved on October 30, 2020 from (in English)

Kompar, Fran. 2016. The Trending Librarian. Teacher Librarian, 44(1): 58–62. Retrieved from (in English)

Lin, Hong. (2019). Teaching and learning without a textbook: undergraduate student perceptions of Open Educational Resources. International Review of Research in Open and Distributed Learning, 20(3): 1-18. Retrieved from (in English)

Mardis, M. A. (2015). Collect or curate? Open education resources and the future of the school library catalog. School Library Monthly, 31(4), 29-31. Retrieved from (in English)

Mwinyimbegu, C. M. (2018). The role of libraries and librarians in open educational resources in Tanzania: the case of selected public university libraries. Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal): 1-15. Retrieved from (in English)

Oxford, R. (2020). OER for librarians. Retrieved on December 7, 2020 Retrieved from (in English)

Petrides, L., Jimes, C., Middleton, A., Detzner, C., Walling, J., & Weiss, S. (2011). Open textbook adoption and use: Implications for teachers and learners. Open Learning: The Journal of Open, Distance and eLearning, 26(1), 39-49 Retrieved from (in English)

Rogers, E.M. (2003). Diffusion of innovations (5th ed.). New York: Free Press. Retrieved from (in English)

Schön, S. (2008). Open educational resources and practices. eLearning Paper. Retrieved from (in English)

Schaffert, Sandra and Geser, Guntram (2008). Open Educational Resources and Practices. eLearning Papers, Nº 7. ISSN 1887-1542. Retrieved from (in English)

Subrahmanyam, V. V. (2019). Approaches for curation of open educational resources. India. Retrieved from (in English)

University of Torronto. Libraries. (2020). Libraries and open education: roles of libraries and librarians/pedagogy. Retrieved on November 20, 2020 from (in English)


  • There are currently no refbacks.